ABD-RU-SHIN (civil name Oskar Ernst Bernhardt) was born in 1875, in Bischofswerda, Germany. At the outbreak of World War I, Mr. Bernhardt was living in London. On account of his German citizenship, he was imprisoned on the Isle of Man for the duration of the war. The seclusion of internment brought with it an inner deepening, and after returning to his homeland Mr. Bernhardt soon became conscious of his task: to open the path for mankind to a new knowledge of Creation. In 1923, he began writing essays of a spiritual nature under the pen name "Abd-ru-shin", and by 1937, the lectures which constitute the Grail Message were completed.